Melasma is most common in women between 20 and 50 years of age. It's more common in women who have olive skin or darker skin, whether they are Hispanic, Asian, or Middle Eastern. However, it can happen to anyone. This is skin discoloration or hyper-pigmentation that appears brown, blue-gray, or tanned. It seems to be caused by excessive sun exposure and hormonal changes in pregnancy and birth control pills.
How do you treat melasma?
Sunscreens with broad UVA and UVB protection levels of at least 30 SPF are essential for preventing melasma and avoiding outbreaks. Sunscreens should always be applied daily. Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun. There are many treatments available to treat melasma, including laser treatments, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion. Laser is considered amongst the most effective ones. If you want to get laser treatment for melasma then book your appointment on www.artofmedicinedirect.com/services/melasma.
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Other methods of prevention and treatment
Antioxidant supplements are another type of treatment for melasma. They have been shown to increase the effectiveness of other melasma treatments. Natural lightening creams with antioxidants can also be effective. Because they won't irritate the skin, mild soaps and cleansers that are specifically made for melasma can be used.
Calamine and other moisturizing creams with nutrients and soothing extracts can be used to maintain skin hydration. If your skin is susceptible to melasma, excessive sun exposure seems to be the main reason. Protective clothing and sunscreen are essential. A wide hat is a great help, as melasma tends to be most prevalent on the face. To help maintain even skin tones, protective mineral makeup can also be used.