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The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games

The 1936 Olympics took place in Berlin, Germany and had been officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad from 1st to 16 of August 1936. Germany competed with the city of Barcelona to get given the Olympics in 1931. These games ended up notable for the Nazi propaganda which caused substantial turmoil as well as the exclusionary guidelines from the Nazi party ahead of the Games, however nations all over the world however consented to take part. The Führer Adolf Hitler was resolute to outdo the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics so he constructed a new 100,000-seat track and field stadium together with 6 gymnasiums along with other arenas. These Olympic Games were the very first Games to be televised and in addition to radio programming, they reached forty one countries. The nations around the world which did take part afforded some legitimateness for the Nazi regime. These games were fiscally profitable with total ticket income being 7.5 million Reichsmark that resulted in an operating profit of over a million Reichsmark. That didn't add the expenditure from the city of Berlin or outlays of the German national government therefore the real cost of hosting the games is not clear since they never release these details.

Hitler also saw the 1936 Olympic Games as a possible opportunity to advertise and promote his government and ideals of its racial supremacy as well as antisemitism. The state run Nazi Party paper published before the Olympics using the strongest achievable terms that Jewish people must not be allowed to be involved in these Olympics. The German Olympic committee following the Nazi Party orders, essentially barred Germans who were Jewish or had such an origins from taking part in the Olympics. Once the Olympics ended up threatened having a boycott by other countries, Adolf Hitler gave in and permitted Black and also Jewish people to take part. The German team included one token person, a Jewish female, Helene Mayer. This meant that quite a lot of Germany’s top athletes were left out from taking part including a few world record holders. Individual Jewish athletes from a number of nations made a decision to boycott these Berlin Olympics and other nations chose to not send any avoiding offending the Nazi regime. In the US, the American Jewish Congress and the Jewish Labor Committee backed a boycott of the Olympic Games.

Almost 4,000 sports athletes took part 129 activities. Much to Hitler’s disgust and even with make fun of in the Nazi handled local mass media, the black American athlete, Jesse Owens won four gold medals in the sprint and long jump activities. This made Owens the most successful competitor to take part in Berlin. The 1500m race was won by Jack Lovelock from New Zealand. Hendrika Mastenbroek of the Netherlands received 3 gold medals and a silver in the swimming events. Basketball and also canoeing made there debutes as an Olympic sports activity at these 1936 Games. The United States won the basketball. Germany ended up being the most successful country all round with it gaining 89 medals in total and the United States coming in 2nd with 56 medals. These were the last summer Games for twelve years due to the disruption of the 2nd World War with the subsequent Olympics taking place in 1948 in London, Great Britain.